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PCI DSS Compliance: How DLP Helps

The Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) is a set of security requirements that helps organizations protect their payment systems from breaches, fraud, and theft of cardholder data. Developed by the PCI Security Standards Council, PCI DSS applies to any business that processes, stores, or transmits cardholder data for the world’s biggest credit card schemes including American Express, Discover, MasterCard, and Visa.

While PCI DSS itself is not legally binding, merchants need to comply with it as part of contractual obligations with card companies and financial institutions the world over. Banks, for example, require PCI DSS compliance before they allow merchants to accept card payments over the phone, in person, or online. Adhering to these compliance requirements is crucial for maintaining trust and security in financial transactions.

Companies found to be non-compliant face fines of up to $100,000 per month and increased transaction fees, as well as having their relationship with their bank permanently terminated with the high risk of being added to the Merchant Alert to Control High-Risk (MATCH) list; meaning they would never be allowed to process card payments again.

PCI DSS compliance is made up of 12 core requirements and an associated 250 controls. They include basic security measures, such as using and updating firewalls and changing default passwords, and more complex ones that involve the development and maintenance of secure systems and applications.

To demonstrate PCI DSS compliance, merchants need to complete a Self-Assessment Questionnaire (SAQ) which has multiple versions to accommodate different types of businesses and processing methods. If they process over 6 million transactions yearly, they will be required to undergo auditing by an external or internal security assessor qualified by the PCI Security Standards Council.

Data Loss Prevention (DLP) solutions are some of the most effective cybersecurity tools for protecting financial data and achieving PCI DSS compliance on the market. Because their policies are applied directly to sensitive data rather than to devices or the whole network, they ensure that cardholder information is identified, logged, and controlled to meet PCI DSS requirements. Let’s take a closer look at the requirements DLP tools help with.

Protect Stored Cardholder Data

Requirement three of PCI DSS refers to the need to protect credit card information and stored cardholder data. To do this, organizations must know where data is located on their servers and have the means to control its use. DLP solutions, through their data discovery features, allow companies to scan the entire network, and discover where sensitive data is being stored and how it is being used and transferred.

Solutions such as Endpoint Protector by CoSoSys do this through predefined policies for standards such as PCI DSS, which means companies don’t have to waste time building a DLP policy from scratch; DLP developers have already identified which sensitive data needs to be protected and have built-in the definitions for it.

By knowing where data is located and how it is being used, companies can next begin to build efficient data protection strategies, reducing the risk of data leaks. A vulnerability-targeting strategy not only protects data more effectively but also helps companies save money by ensuring that the solutions they choose are necessary.

Once DLP solutions are in place, businesses gain data visibility and can control the transfer and storage of sensitive data on company endpoints. Transfers via unprotected channels, including public networks over the internet or unencrypted removable devices, can be blocked. Organizations can define whitelists of allowed destinations such as company-issued encrypted USBs or email addresses. Ensuring the security of this sensitive information is paramount for maintaining customer trust.

Restrict Access to Cardholder Data by Business Need-to-Know

Restricted access to sensitive data, the seventh requirement for PCI DSS compliance, can be easily verified and enforced through DLP content discovery scans as well. By searching employee computers, these powerful scanning tools identify sensitive data on unauthorized users’ devices and promptly delete or encrypt the data where it is found. In this way, organizations can ensure that any breach of authorization policies is detected and swiftly dealt with. Endpoint Protector’s eDiscovery feature can scan for sensitive data stored on Windows, Mac, and Linux endpoints, and remotely take remediation actions.

Track and Monitor All Access to Network Resources and Cardholder Data

Under the 10th requirement of PCI DSS, companies must log all security events, servers, and critical system components. While antivirus software can provide logs of security incidents, DLP solutions can generate logs of attempted unauthorized access and transfers and how they were resolved, proving that a company is actively protecting itself from data breaches.

Endpoint Protector creates a device activity log in which it records actions from all clients and devices connected along with all administrative actions such as device authorizations, giving the history for devices, PCs, and users for future audits and detailed analysis. Logging and reporting not only aid in incident response, but also help companies make more informed decisions about the tools they need and don’t need to implement in future data protection strategies.

Regularly Test Security Systems and Processes

For requirement 11, DLP tools, through automatic and manual scans, allow companies to test the efficiency of their data protection strategies by verifying the security of their sensitive data. By monitoring its movement in real-time, organizations can see whether employees are applying training in practice or if best practices are being circumvented in any way.

They can also discover whether certain applied solutions are effective or previous vulnerabilities persist. This can give companies a better understanding of which policies work for them and which don’t, and discover potential blind spots in data protection strategies. This continuous evaluation ensures that security policies are always up-to-date and effective.

In Conclusion

PCI DSS compliance is essential for any company working with banks and card payments. DLP tools can help organizations discover, monitor, and control where their data is being stored and how it is being used and transferred, bringing them one step closer to compliance. The positives of integrating DLP tools extend beyond compliance, enhancing overall data security and risk management.

Endpoint Protector is an industry-leading multi-OS DLP that assists organizations in achieving and maintaining PCI DSS compliance. By continuously monitoring and controlling how information is being used, including credit card data and other personally identifiable information (PII), Endpoint Protector reduces the risk of insider threats and data loss from malicious, negligent, and compromised users. To learn more, schedule your demo here.


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